The information contained here are subject to change. Chinese History Digest is not responsible or liable if any changes should occur. If you can read Chinese, you can also check the official website of the Yangshao Culture Museum for the latest information.
April - September: 9am - 5pm
October - March: 9am - 4.30pm
closed on Mondays
Entrance Ticket Prices
Visitors must make advance reservation at least 1 day in advance by calling 0398-3167836
exhibit about the Yangshao culture at the Yangshao Culture Museum in Mianchi CountyAs their name already implies, the Yangshao Site and the adjacent Yangshao Culture Museum are associated with the Yangshao culture. This neolithic culture lasted for about 2000 years from around 5000 BC until about 3000 BC. It is undoubtedly one of the most important cultures that existed in China during prehistoric times. Due to the beautifully decorated pottery it produced, the Yangshao culture is also known as Painted Pottery Culture. More than 1000 Yangshao culture sites have so far been discovered in the area around the middle reaches of the Yellow River.
Among all these sites, the Yangshao Site holds a special place of prominence due to the fact that it was discovered first. It is located about 9km north of Mianchi County in the central province of Henan. The site is however neither the biggest nor the most visited Yangshao culture site. The latter distinction is probably held by the Banpo village site which is the main attraction of the Banpo Museum in Xi'an.
partial view of the actual excavation zone at the Yangshao SiteThe Yangshao Site covers a total area of about 300,000 square meters. Excavation of the site began in 1921, just one year after the first ancient relics had been discovered near Yangshao village. It was the prominent Swedish archeologist Johan Gunnar Andersson, the discoverer of the world-famous Peking Man Site at Zhoukoudian, who led these early excavation efforts. The Yangshao culture ruins were then excavated again for a second and third time in 1951 and 1980. The fourth exploration of the Yangshao Site began in 2020 and is currently still ongoing.
A large number of ancient cultural relics were unearthed during these excavations. The most spectacular among the discovered items are undoubtedly the pieces of Yangshao pottery such as bowls, cups, basins, pots and jars. Most of the distinctive red Yangshao pottery is decorated with colored drawings of animals, geometric patterns or other designs. Pottery-making tools and various stone and bone tools were unearthed at the Yangshao Site as well.
picture of Johan Gunnar Andersson (2nd from left) behind pottery exhibitsThousands of all the discovered prehistoric relics are now on display at the modern Yangshao Culture Museum that opened its doors to the public in 2011. It is located just about 200m north of the Yangshao Site. However, the most exquisite pieces of Yangshao pottery that were discovered at the site are on display at the National Museum of China in Beijing and the Henan Museum in Zhengzhou.
Still, there are about 4,000 cultural relics on display at the Yangshao Culture Museum. A thorough visit of the museum and its outdoor area can therefore be expected to take about 2 - 3 hours. Each of the museum's three exhibition halls has a distinct theme. One of the halls showcases the relics that were uncovered during the three earlier excavations of the Yangshao Site. The work and achievements of the Swedish archeologist Johan Gunnar Andersson are then the theme of another hall. The purpose of the third hall then is to inform visitors about the other Yangshao culture sites in Henan province. The ancient relics that are on display at this hall of the Yangshao Culture Museum were all unearthed at these other sites.
partial view of the Yangshao Village National Archaeological ParkUnsurprisingly, Yangshao pottery of various types and functions makes up the lion's share of the exhibits but many outstanding stone and bone tools are featured as well. Despite the large number of exhibited pottery pieces, there are no identical or even similar-looking exhibits. Each displayed piece of painted Yangshao pottery is totally unique in the way it was designed and decorated.
A visit of the Yangshao Site and Yangshao Culture Museum is not limited to the exhibition halls of the museum though. The area to the south of the museum has been converted into the Yangshao Village National Archaeological Park. Walking around this beautifully landscaped park is especially pleasant in spring and summer when the myriad of blooming flowers make it look more like a garden. In one area of the park, you will also be able to see the actual excavation site.
Yangshao pottery on display at the museumSo what is the best way to get to the Yangshao Site and Yangshao Culture Museum in Mianchi County? This former remote part of Henan province is nowadays conveniently accessible by high-speed train. In fact, it takes less than 20 minutes to reach the Mianchi South Railway Station from either the Longmen Railway Station in Luoyang or the South Railway Station in Sanmenxia. Travelling to Mianchi County by train from Zhengzhou is feasible as well and takes about an hour. The 22-kilometer-trip by taxi from the Mianchi South Railway Station to the Yangshao culture site and museum in Yangshao village then won't cost that much as taxi fares in rural areas of China are much lower than in the big developed cities. Taking a public bus outside the Mianchi South Railway Station is also an option but you would have to change from one bus line to another along the way to get to the Yangshao Culture Museum.
The Juchen International Hotel (which is still marked as the Zhongzhou International Hotel on old maps) is the best place for an overnight stay in Mianchi County. It is located only about 7km away from the Yangshao Culture Museum and you can read a thorough review of its services and amenities further down on this page. However, making the ancient capital Luoyang your base of exploration would have the benefit of being close to the world-famous Longmen Grottoes that are also featured in the historic sights section of this website.view of the Yangshao Culture Museum in Mianchi County, Henan
How to get to the Yangshao Culture Museum in Mianchi County?
|Address:||Yangshao Culture Museum, Yangshao Village, Sanmenxia, Mianchi County, Henan Province, China|
|Tel.Nr.:||+86 398 316 7836|
|Airport:||Luoyang Beijiao Airport (LYA), Yuncheng Zhangxiao Airport (YCU)|
|Train Station:||Mianchi South Railway Station (less than 20 minutes away by high-speed train from either the Luoyang Longmen Railway Station OR the Sanmenxia South Railway Station)|
On the following Google map, you can see the location of the Yangshao Culture Museum (the blue icon) and the Juchen International Hotel (the yellow hotel bed icon) which is the best hotel in Mianchi County. Zoom out of the map to see the location of the Luoyang Ease House in Luoyang and the Hailian International Hotel in Sanmenxia. Further below on this page, you can read a review of the services and amenities of all these hotels. In case you are planning a trip to China, you could support this website by using the provided affiliate links to check prices and book your hotel accomodation!
You can book hotels in China with both of our affiliate partners Agoda and Trip.com. No matter whether you choose Agoda or Trip.com, you will find many offers on each of these platforms that will allow you to make a risk-free booking with the possibility of free cancellation until a clearly stated date and time, sometimes as late as on the intended date of arrival. However, some deals require prepayment and don't permit cancellation without fees. In that case, the incurred cancellation fees are clearly stated.
When following an Agoda link, the search results will show you prices, availability and special offers for your chosen dates with the recommended hotel in the top search position as well as for other hotels in the same area. Links to Trip.com will take you to the specific hotel webpage where you can then search for availability, prices and special deals with your chosen dates.
The provided information was thoroughly researched from various hotel booking websites. Chinese History Digest is not responsible if any information regarding the provided services and amenities might have changed.
Recommended Hotel near the Yangshao Site
The Juchen International Hotel that is reviewed below is the closest 4-star hotel to the Yangshao Site. As already mentioned earlier on this page, it is located in Mianchi County about 7km away from the Yangshao Culture Museum. The Yangshao Site lies inside the Yangshao Village National Archaeological Park about 200 meters south of the museum. In addition to the links to Agoda that are used in the review below, the Juchen International Hotel is also available for booking on Trip.com by following this link.
The 4-star Juchen International Hotel opened its doors in 2011 and was renovated in 2017. It is the best hotel in this rural county of China. Besides being conveniently located near the Yangshao Site and Yangshao Culture Museum, the hotel is also quite close to the Mianchi Ecological Garden which tourists that are interested in sights of nature might consider visiting as well. Some maps and websites still list the hotel by its former name as the Zhongzhou International Hotel (Zhongzhou Guoji Fandian). At a distance of about 57 kilometers, the Luoyang Beijiao Airport is the closest airport to the hotel. Due to the short travel time between Luoyang and Mianchi County by high-speed train, the Juchen International Hotel doesn't provide airport transfer services though. However, it provides a taxi booking service and there is also free parking available for those travellers that are planning a road trip to Mianchi County.
The Juchen International Hotel has a total of 126 rooms. Included among this number are a small number of suites, some of which include a mahjong table among the furnishings. Both smoking and non-smoking rooms are available and can be requested. All rooms are air-conditioned and equipped with a safe, minibar and LCD TV with cable channels. Free bottled water is provided and the internet can be accessed through free Wi-Fi which is available in all the rooms as well as in designated public areas of the hotel. Buffet breakfast is included in most room rates but can also be purchased separately for 25 yuan per person. Laundry service and luggage storage are available. Besides a restaurant that serves both Chinese and Western food, there is also a lobby bar and a coffee shop on the hotel's premises. Furthermore, hotel guests have the option to book a relaxing massage.
4.3 miles awayCheck availability & prices!
Recommended Hotel in Luoyang
The 4-star Luoyang Ease House that is reviewed below is located near Luoyang's city center. Convenient transportation to the airport and the high-speed Longmen Railway Station is available from its location. You can book train tickets for the short 20-minute-trip from this railway station to the Mianchi South Railway Station by following this link. The Luoyang Ease House is also just a short taxi ride away from the Longmen Caves. In addition to the links to Agoda that are used in the review below, this hotel is also available for booking on Trip.com by following this link.
The Luoyang Ease House is a 4-star business hotel in a quiet and clean residential area. It was built by an international design team in a style that mixes modern and traditional architectural design elements. Its location is ideal for travellers that come to Luoyang by high-speed train as the Luoyang Longmen Railway Station is just a short drive away. The hotel provides free shuttle service to/from this high-speed railway station upon request. Tourists that fly in to the Luoyang Beijiao Airport also have nothing to worry about since the hotel can provide free airport pickup upon request as well. Self-catering is a convenient and cheap option for guests of the Luoyang Ease House since it has a convenience store and is also very close to the Quanshun shopping center. Luoyang's city center is a mere 1km away and the Longmen Grottoes are just a few miles south.
The heated and air-conditioned rooms of the Luoyang Ease House are highly rated for their cleanliness and comfort. Besides the standard rooms, there are VIP rooms, family rooms as well as suites available and non-smoking rooms can be requested. All rooms are equipped with a flat-screen TV, air purifier, writing table and mini-bar and free breakfast is included. Free Wi-Fi is available in all the rooms and the public areas. Laundry service (including dry cleaning) and luggage storage are available as well. Guests can satisfy their culinary needs and desires at the hotel's restaurant, bar and coffee shop. An unusual and highly original feature of this hotel is that it has a library with nearly 10,000 books and magazines and a reading area on each floor.
about 58 miles away from the Yangshao Culture MuseumCheck availability & prices!
Recommended Hotel in Sanmenxia
The Hailian International Hotel that is reviewed below is a 4-star hotel that is located quite close to Sanmenxia's city center and the high-speed Sanmenxia South Railway Station. You can book train tickets for the short 20-minute-trip from this railway station to the Mianchi South Railway Station by following this link. The hotel is available for booking on Trip.com but not on Agoda.
The 4-star Hailian International Hotel opened its doors in 2012 and was renovated in 2019. It is located only about 2.4km away from Sanmenxia's city center and about 5km from the Sanmenxia South Railway Station. The hotel even offers free pick-up (and drop-off) from this high-speed railway station between 9am and 8pm every day. However, travellers have to request this service at least 2 hours in advance by calling this number: 0398 / 2990088. The closest airport is the Yuncheng Zhangxiao Airport which can be reached by taxi in about an hour. The Hailian International Hotel provides a taxi booking service and can also arrange car rentals. Free parking is available at the hotel.
The Hailian International Hotel has a total of 233 rooms including some suites. Smoking is only allowed at the hotel's designated smoking area and not inside the rooms or at the public areas. All rooms are air-conditioned and equipped with a refrigerator, safe and LCD TV with cable channels. Free bottled water is provided and the internet can be accessed through free Wi-Fi which is available in all the rooms and in designated public areas of the hotel. Both Chinese and Western food is served at the hotel's breakfast buffet which is typically already included in the room rate for 1 person. It can be purchased separately for 39 yuan for each additional guest. Laundry service and free luggage storage are available. Besides a restaurant that serves both Chinese and Western cuisine, there is also a lobby bar and a coffee shop on the hotel's premises. Guests can exercise by playing table tennis or go for a swim at the hotel's indoor swimming pool. The hotel spa has a sauna and relaxing massages can be booked as well.
about 43 miles away from the Yangshao Culture MuseumCheck availability & prices!