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Banpo Museum

The information contained here are subject to change. Chinese History Digest is not responsible or liable if any changes should occur. You can also check the official website of the Banpo Museum for the latest information.

Opening Hours of the Banpo Museum Opening Hours

8 am - 6 pm
(March - November)
8 am - 5.30 pm
(December - February)

Admission Ticket Prices Admission Fees

55 Yuan
(March - November)
40 Yuan
(December - February)

The Banpo Museum in Xi'an opened to the public in 1958. It was built right next to the excavations of the prehistoric Banpo village. That is where relics of a 6,000-year-old matriarchal community were unearthed that are now on display at the Banpo Museum. Our neolithic ancestors that once inhabited this site belonged to the Yangshao culture which is mentioned in the Prehistory section of this website. The Banpo people primarily used wood and stone tools. The men were mostly engaged in fishing while the women took care of most other tasks (incl. making pottery) while raising their kids.

It is estimated that the Banpo village was occupied from around 4800 BC to about 4000 BC. Most of the about 100 village houses were circular with sunken floors up to 1 meter deep. A few houses were square with rounded corners and there was also one large rectangular building that the Banpo people probably used for storage and gatherings. The village buildings were spread out over an area of 12.5 to 17.5 acres and a trench surrounded the village as a protective measure against dangerous wild animals and snakes.

The site of the ancient Banpo village was discovered by mere chance in October 1953 when workers of the Banpo work group excavated earth to make space for the foundations of a new factory building. After the remains of the neolithic village were discovered, the workers switched bosses and henceforth worked for the archeologists. As a way to honor the workers who had discovered it, the archeological site was eventually named Banpo. The Institute of Archaeology at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences took over responsibility for the excavations which were the largest at that time in China.

The Banpo Museum consists of two exhibition halls and a site hall that altogether provide about 4,500 square meters of exhibit space. In the two sections of the first exhibition hall, you will find the various prehistoric relics displayed that were unearthed at the Banpo site. These exhibits include both production tools and domestic tools that the Banpo people used back then (axes, chisels, sickles, stone and pottery knives) as well as artwork and adornments. The second exhibition hall is used for various temporary exhibitions that deal with topics such as ethnology, folklore and prehistoric art.

The 3,000 square meter site hall gives you a good view of the excavated sections of the Banpo site. You will be walking on elevated walkways that lead around each of the three excavation sections. There is a residential section, a pottery making section and a burial section. The residential section with its primitive huts is the largest of the three sections and the main part of this prehistoric village. In the pottery making section you will see the ancient kilns that were used to create pottery and the burial section displays the tombs of these ancient humans.

Entrance of the Banpo Museum in Xi'an
Entrance of the Banpo Museum in Xi'an

Getting there and nearby Hotels

How to get there?

Banpo Museum
155 Banpo Road
Baqiao district, Xi'an
Shaanxi province, China

Telephone Number +86 29 8351 2807
(Ticket Office)

nearest airport Xi'an Xianyang International Airport (XIY)

nearest railway station Xi'an Railway Station, Xi'an North Railway Station, Xi'an South Railway Station

nearest subway station Banpo Station
Subway Line 1
Take Exit A and walk westward for ~ 5 min, then turn south to walk along Banpo Road for ~ 2 min.

public bus stop Banpo Bowuguan Station
bus lines: 105, 269, 406, 416

Banpo Hub Station
bus lines: 11, 15, 38, 42, 105, 169, 213, 231, 233, 237, 241, 241 (branch line), 246, 270, 275, 301, 307, 401, 406, 511, 715 or Shiyuan Line 2
Then walk ~ 600 m southward

nearby Hotels Hotels

The hotels underneath are listed by their increasing distance from the Banpo Museum:

1. Changzheng Milasuo Hotel
No. 222 Fangxi Street
0.6 miles away

2. Friday Fashion Hotel
Near Changle East Road, 20m from Tangdu Hospital
1.0 miles away

3. Huanghe Hotel
No.1 Xingfu North Road
2.0 miles away

4. Hanting Express Xi'an Changle East Road
No.88 Changle Middle Road
2.3 miles away

5. Shuangyi Hotel
No.1 West Section of Hansen Road
2.4 miles away

6. Feng Hua International Hotel
No.126 Changle Middle Road
2.6 miles away

7. Tianfu Hotel
North Gate of Chengdong Terminal
2.8 miles away

8. 7 Days Inn (Xi'an Changying Road)
No.263 Changying East Road
2.9 miles away

9. Hanting Express Xi'an Jiangong Road
No. A1 Middle Section of Jiangong Road
2.9 miles away