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site of the First National Congress of the Communist Party of ChinaThe site of the First National Congress of the Communist Party of China in Shanghai was opened to the public as a museum in 1961. It has since received millions of visitors with a large percentage of them being members of the Communist Party of China (CPC) on educational field trips. More than 832,000 people visited the site of the 1st National Congress of the Communist Party of China in the year 2017 alone.
The museum is located inside the two-story Shikumen building (built in 1920) where thirteen Chinese party delegates and two foreign Comintern representatives (the Dutch communist Henk Sneevliet and Vladimir Nikolsky from the Soviet Union) assembled to hold the First National Congress of the Communist Party of China on the 23rd of July 1921. Just a few weeks earlier on July 1st, China's Communist Party had been founded in the French concession of Shanghai by Chen Duxiu and Li Dazhao.
courtyard of the historic Shikumen building in Shanghai where the 1st National Congress of the Communist Party of China took placeThe original founders did not attend the 1st National Congress though Chen Duxiu was represented by Bao Huiseng. The thirteen Chinese party delegates at the First National Congress were: Li Da (Shanghai), Li Hanjun (Shanghai), Zhang Guotao (Beijing), Liu Renjing (Beijing), Mao Zedong (Changsha), He Shuheng (Changsha), Dong Biwu (Wuhan), Chen Tanqiu (Wuhan), Wang Jinmei (Jinan), Deng Enming (Jinan), Chen Gongbo (Guangzhou), Zhou Fohai (representing Chinese students in Japan) and Bao Huiseng (representing the absent Chen Duxiu).
wax figures of Mao Zedong (standing center figure) and the other CPC delegates at the site of the party's First National CongressOnly two of the assembled thirteen Chinese delegates - Mao Zedong and Dong Biwu - would be present 27 years later at the founding of the People's Republic of China. The 1st National Congress of the Communist Party of China continued in Shanghai until July 30th. Due to police harassment, its conclusion had to be moved then and took place on the 2nd of August 1921 on a rented tourist boat on Jiaxing's South Lake. You can read more about the events that preceded and succeeded the CPC's founding in the Republic of China section of this website.
The founding congress of the CPC took place in the living room that is situated on the first floor of the building. Everything is preserved there as it was back then. A long rectangular table covered with tea cups occupies the middle of the small room. Wooden stools surround the table and a tea table stands next to one of the side walls.
The upper floor of the building serves as a large exhibition hall. On a floor space of about 450 square meters you will find hundreds of exhibits relating to this historic period, from revolutionary relics to historic documents and photographs. The exhibits serve to illustrate the important events in the early history of the Communist Party of China.
The second floor also includes a wax figure hall that gives you the impression to travel back in time to witness this historic event first hand. It shows the thirteen Chinese delegates and two foreign observers huddled around a table. Mao Zedong who later founded the People's Republic of China in 1949 stands in the center to give a speech that is attentively listened to by the other attendees of the congress.evening view of the site of the 1st National Congress of the CPC in Shanghai
How to get to the site of the CPC's First National Congress in Shanghai?
|Address:||Site of the First National Congress of the Communist Party of China, 76 Xingye Road (side street of Huangpi South Road), Xintiandi district, Shanghai, China|
|Tel.Nr.:||+86 21 5383 2171|
|Air:||Shanghai Pudong International Airport (PVG), Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport (SHA)|
|Train:||Shanghai Railway Station, Shanghai South Railway Station, Shanghai West Railway Station, Shanghai Hongqiao Railway Station|
|Metro:||South Huangpi Road Station - Subway Line 1 - Take Exit 2 and walk along South Huangpi Road until Xingye Road is on your right side|
|Bus:||Madanglu Xingyelu Station (bus lines: 146 or 805) - Walk along Madang Road for 2 min and turn east at the Xintiandi Post Office OR take City Sightseeing Bus Line 1 to get there directly|
Recommended Hotel near Shanghai's site of the 1st National Congress:
The hotel that is introduced in detail below is one of the closest 5-star hotels to the site of the First National Congress of the Communist Party of China in Shanghai. The provided information was thoroughly researched from various hotel booking websites. Chinese History Digest is not responsible if any information regarding the provided services and amenities might have changed.
The Ruijin Hotel Taiyuan Villa is a 5-star hotel that is located in a tranquil area of downtown Shanghai relatively close to the site of the CPC's 1st National Congress. The main building of the hotel is a heritage villa that was built in 1928 in the style of the late French Renaissance. In 2008, the property was opened as a hotel. What makes this luxury hotel such a relaxing place in the middle of the hustle and bustle of Shanghai is that a large part of its 12,650-square-meter surface area is occupied by a green and parklike garden. The hotel's great downtown location within walking distance of many places of interest is another benefit of making the Ruijin Hotel Taiyuan Villa your home away from home. Shanghai's Former French Concession area is just 1.5km away and the Jing'an Temple, Yu Garden, Nanjing Lu Shopping Street and the Shanghai Museum are quite close by as well. However, it is not even necessary to walk everywhere since there is a shuttle service that provides easy access to the neighborhoods around the hotel. Furthermore, the closest subway station (South Shaanxi Road Station) lies just a 7-minute walk away. Airport transfer can be arranged through the hotel (for an extra fee) and typical travel times to the Shanghai Hongqiao and Pudong International Airports respectively are 35 and 50 minutes.
The Ruijin Hotel Taiyuan Villa has 23 guestrooms and 16 hotel-style apartments. Both types of accomodation are air-conditioned and equipped with a refrigerator, minibar, safe and satellite/cable TV. Free Wi-Fi is provided but smoking is not permitted in any of the rooms or indoor areas. Laundry service (including dry cleaning) and luggage storage are available. The hotel provides free buffet breakfast and has a restaurant, bar and coffee shop on its premises. For exercise, guests have access to an indoor swimming pool, a fitness center and courts for playing squash. For relaxation, the Ruijin Hotel Taiyuan Villa has a sauna and spa.
1.5 miles awayCheck availability & prices!