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Site of the First National Congress of the Communist Party of China

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Opening Hours of the Site of the First National Congress of the Communist Party of China Opening Hours

9 am - 5 pm
(no more tickets after 4 pm)
closed on Mondays

Admission Ticket Prices Admission Fees

Free Admission

The Site of the First National Congress of the Communist Party of China in Shanghai was opened to the public as a museum in 1961. It has since received millions of visitors with a large percentage of them being members of the Communist Party of China on educational field trips. More than 832,000 people visited the Site of the First National Congress of the Communist Party of China in 2017 alone.

The museum is located inside the two-story Shikumen building (built in 1920) where thirteen Chinese party delegates and two foreign Comintern representatives (the Dutch communist Henk Sneevliet and Vladimir Nikolsky from the Soviet Union) assembled to hold the First National Congress of the Communist Party of China on the 23rd of July 1921. Just a few weeks earlier on July 1st, China's Communist Party had been founded in the French concession of Shanghai by Chen Duxiu and Li Dazhao. The original founders did not attend the First National Congress though Chen Duxiu was represented by Bao Huiseng. The thirteen Chinese party delegates at the First National Congress were: Li Da (Shanghai), Li Hanjun (Shanghai), Zhang Guotao (Beijing), Liu Renjing (Beijing), Mao Zedong (Changsha), He Shuheng (Changsha), Dong Biwu (Wuhan), Chen Tanqiu (Wuhan), Wang Jinmei (Jinan), Deng Enming (Jinan), Chen Gongbo (Guangzhou), Zhou Fohai (representing Chinese students in Japan) and Bao Huiseng (representing the absent Chen Duxiu). Only two of the assembled thirteen Chinese delegates - Mao Zedong and Dong Biwu - would be present 27 years later at the founding of the People's Republic of China. The First National Congress of the Communist Party of China continued in Shanghai until July 30th. Due to police harassment, its conclusion had to be moved then and took place on the 2nd of August 1921 on a rented tourist boat on Jiaxing's South Lake. You can read more about the events of this historic period in the Republic of China section of this website.

The founding congress of the CPC took place in the living room that is situated on the first floor of the building. Everything is preserved there as it was back then. A long rectangular table covered with tea cups occupies the middle of the small room. Wooden stools surround the table and a tea table stands next to one of the side walls.

The upper floor of the building serves as a large exhibition hall. On a floor space of about 450 square meters you will find hundreds of exhibits relating to this historic period, from revolutionary relics to historic documents and photographs. The exhibits serve to illustrate the important events in the early history of the Communist Party of China.

The second floor also includes a wax figure hall that gives you the impression to travel back in time to witness this historic event first hand. It shows the thirteen Chinese delegates and two foreign observers huddled around a table. Mao Zedong who later founded the People's Republic of China in 1949 stands in the center to give a speech that is attentively listened to by the other attendees of the congress.

Site of the First National Congress of the Communist Party of China
Shikumen building in Shanghai where the First National Congress of the Communist Party of China took place

Getting there and nearby Hotels

How to get there?

Site of the First National Congress of the Communist Party of China
76 Xingye Road
(side street of Huangpi South Road)
Xintiandi district
Shanghai, China

Telephone Number +86 21 5383 2171

nearest airport Shanghai Pudong International Airport (PVG),
Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport (SHA)

nearest railway station Shanghai Railway Station, Shanghai South Railway Station, Shanghai West Railway Station, Shanghai Hongqiao Railway Station

nearest subway station South Huangpi Road Station
Subway Line 1
Take Exit 2 and walk along South Huangpi Road until Xingye Road is on your right side

public bus stop Madanglu Xingyelu Station
bus lines: 146 or 805
Walk along Madang Road for 2 min and turn east at the Xintiandi Post Office

or take City Sightseeing Bus Line 1 to get there directly

nearby Hotels Hotels

The hotels underneath are listed by their increasing distance from the Site of the First National Congress of the Communist Party of China:

1. The Langham Shanghai Xintiandi
No.99 Madang Road
0.1 miles away

2. Lanson Place Jinlin Tiandi Residences
No.3, Lane 139 Danshui Road
0.1 miles away

3. Andaz Xintiandi Shanghai
No.88 Songshan Road
0.1 miles away

4. Manxin Hotel Shanghai Xintiandi
No.68 Taicang Road
0.2 miles away

5. Ascott Huai Hai Road Shanghai
282, Huai hai Road Central
0.2 miles away

6. Pudi Boutique Hotel
No.99 Yandang Road
0.3 miles away

7. GreenTree Shell Hotel Shanghai Xintiandi Laoximen Subway Station
No.50 Fuxing Middle Road
0.4 miles away

8. Magnificent International Plaza Hotel
No.381 Xizang South Road
0.4 miles away

9. Royal Court Hotel Shanghai
No.7, Lane 622, Huaihai Middle Road
0.5 miles away