Toogle Nav Toogle Nav
Chinese History Digest

Chinese History Digest - the best-illustrated website about the history of China Bringing you the summarized story of China's past Plan your trip to see China's historic sights Subscribe to our Facebook page for more content
Presenting a concise illustrated History of the Middle Kingdom

Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall

The information contained here are subject to change. Chinese History Digest is not responsible or liable if any changes should occur. You could also check the official website of the Memorial Hall of the Victims in Nanjing Massacre by Japanese Invaders but it is only in Chinese.

Opening Hours of the Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall Opening Hours

8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.
Closed on Mondays except during holidays

Admission Ticket Prices Admission Fees

Free Admission

The Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall is located in the Jiangdongmen area of Nanjing (Jiangsu province) to the southwest of the city center. Officially named as the Memorial Hall of the Victims in Nanjing Massacre by Japanese Invaders, it is a museum that commemorates the atrocious events that ocurred in Nanjing in December 1937 and January 1938. Nanjing was the capital of the Republic of China since 1927. The Imperial Japanese Army attacked the city (that was written as Nanking by Westerners back then) in early December 1937 in the hope that its capture would lead to China's surrender. The most intense fighting during the Battle of Nanking (1st - 13th December 1937) only lasted for two days after Japanese forces had launched an all-out attack on December 10th.

After gaining full control of the city by December 13th, Japanese soldiers began to massacre Chinese prisoners of war and the civilian population of Nanjing. More than 20,000 women were raped by the Japanese soldiers and many of them later killed. Countless commercial buildings and houses of the wealthy class were looted. About a third of all buildings in Nanjing were damaged by fire during this hellish period that lasted for about 6 to 8 weeks. Altogether, it is estimated that up to 300,000 civilians and unarmed Chinese soldiers were slaughtered by the Japanese army. (The population of Nanjing numbered around 600,000 people in 1927.) The killing was done indiscriminately and in such bestial ways as mass beheadings and burying people alive!

The Nanjing Massacre is also referred to as the Rape of Nanking. It is still a contentious issue between China and Japan today. Just like there are some people who deny the holocaust, a minority of Japanese people deny that the Nanjing Massacre ever happened. The Nanjing Municipal Government built the Memorial Hall to the Victims of the Nanjing Massacre in 1985. It was enlarged and renovated in 1995. Its exhibits are to remind people of these historic events so that they will never be forgotten. While the museum bears witness to one of the worst atrocities in human history, it also tells of individual acts of heroism in trying to protect people from being slaughtered. One such hero that is revered by the Chinese people is John Rabe. His work in establishing and maintaining the Nanking Safety Zone protected the lives of about 200,000 Chinese people! His former residence at Xiaofenqiao No. 1 in Nanjing is now a museum dedicated to his memory and well-worth a visit! You can find more information about the John Rabe House on its official website.

A visit of the Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall is made up of three parts: the outdoor exhibits, the remaining bones of the victims and the exhibition hall for historical documents. The outdoor exhibits are made up of statues, sculptures, tablets, relief carvings and a memorial walkway of survivors' footprints. The date '1937.12.13 - 1938.1' and number of victims is engraved on a large monument and the names of the victims are listed on a large wall.

The remaining bones of the victims are displayed in a coffin-shaped display hall. They were excavated in 1985 in the same area where the memorial hall now stands. A second excavation in 1998 uncovered 208 more bones. The mass burial pit in the Jiangdongmen area of Nanjing where the bones were unearthed is known as the "pit of ten thousand corpses".

The tomb-like exhibition hall for historical documents was built half underground. It contains more than 1,000 items related to the massacre in illuminated display cabinets. Historical photographs and documentary films that can be watched on multi-media screens vividly bear witness to the atrocities that were committed by the Japanese soldiers that winter in Nanjing. There are also paintings and sculptures dispersed throughout the hall in which artists expressed their sentiments and visualized scenes of the Nanjing Massacre.

street view outside the Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall
street view outside the Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall

Getting there and nearby Hotels

How to get there?

The Memorial Hall of the Victims in Nanjing Massacre by Japanese Invaders
418 Shuiximen Street
Jianye district, Nanjing
Jiangsu province, China

Telephone Number +86 25 8661 2230

nearest airport Nanjing Lukou International Airport (NKG)

nearest railway stations Nanjing Railway Station or Nanjing South Railway Station

nearest subway station Yunjin Road Station
Subway Line 2
Take Exit 2, then walk westward

public bus stop Shuiximen Dajie Jiangdongmen
bus lines: 7, 37, 61, 63, 161, 166, 170, 186
Jiangdongmen Jinianguan
bus lines: G3, G6

nearby Hotels Hotels

The hotels underneath are listed by their increasing distance from the Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall:

1. 7 Days Inn Nanjing Shuiximen Yunjin Road Subway Station
No.213 Shuiximen Street
0.4 miles away

2. Hilton Nanjing
No.100 Jiangdong Middle Road
0.5 miles away

3. Jinling Mansion
No.48 Hanzhongmen Street
0.9 miles away

4. Nanjing Yi Hotel
No.146 Jiangdong Middle Road
1.2 miles away

5. Jinjiang Inn Nanjing Hanzhongmen
No.58 Mochouhu East Road
1.2 miles away

6. Vienna Hotel Nanjing Longjiang
No.8 Yueguang Plaza, Longjiang Xiaoqu, Longyuan West Road
1.2 miles away

7. Lavande Hotel Nanjing Shuiximen Mian Street Mochouhu Park
No.79 Shuiximen Main Street
1.2 miles away

8. Hongyang Hotel
Building C3 Hongyang Plaza, No.48 Daqiao North Road
1.2 miles away

9. Jinjiang Inn (Nanjing Mochou Lake)
Shuiximen Avenue, Chanan Residential Area, Apt.5-24
1.5 miles away

10. Grandmetro Hotel Nanjing Xinjiekou
No.185 Hanzhong Road
1.6 miles away

11. Sheraton Nanjing Kingsley Hotel and Towers
No.169 Hanzhong Road
1.6 miles away

12. The Lalu Nanjing
No.208 Yangtze River Avenue
1.6 miles away