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Jingshan Park

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Opening Hours of the Jingshan Park Opening Hours

6 a.m. - 9 p.m.
(April - October)
6:30 a.m. - 8 p.m.
(November - March)
Tickets sold until 30 min before closing time

Admission Ticket Prices Admission Fees

2 Yuan
fee for exhibitions in the park not included

Jingshan Park is located on the artificially-created Jingshan Hill (Prospect Hill) right in the center of Beijing. It is a former imperial garden that has been open to the public since 1928. After major rebuilding and renovation, it became an official park in 1949. One of the park's main draws are the splendid views it offers from its five peaks of the surrounding city. The hill's central peak is in fact the highest point in the center of Beijing. From here, visitors will enjoy the best view of the Forbidden City to the south. In Chinese history, Jingshan Hill has also found fame for a morbid event that happened there during the last days of the Ming dynasty. In the spring of 1644 when Beijing was invaded by a rebel army under the leadership of Li Zicheng, the Chongzhen Emperor hanged himself from one of the trees on the hill that was then still known as Meishan Hill (Coal Hill).

The existence of a park at this spot can be traced back all the way to the year 1179. The initial hillshape was formed during the time of the Yuan dynasty. When the Mongol rulers of this period had their capital Dadu built, the mud that was dredged up from the city's moat and surrounding lakes was used to pile up the hill. It was then known as Green Hill but it was known by many other names at various points in history such as Wansui Hill (Long Live Hill), Zhen Hill, Feng Shui Hill and the Garden of a Hundred Fruits (Baiguoyuan). The hill was enlarged to its present size during the Ming dynasty when the moats and canals that surround the Forbidden City were dredged.

From the time of the Yuan dynasty to the Qing dynasty, Jingshan Park served as an imperial garden. The emperor and his family went there to have a picnic and to climb the hill's peaks and admire the scenery from there. Various fruit trees and many varieties of flowers are planted throughout the park. Every year in May, more than 20,000 peonies will color the park in many different hues. There is no other garden in Beijing that comes close to rivaling Jingshan Park as the biggest peony rose garden of the capital. In addition to the park's natural splendor, there are charming pavilions and palatial halls that perfectly blend with its scenery.

The first pavilion you will see when entering the park is the two-storied Qiwang Pavilion with its golden-glazed roof. It was there that the emperors used to worship memorial tablets of the great sage Confucius. There are also stately scenery viewing pavilions on each of the hill's five peaks. They were constructed in 1751 during the era of the Qianlong Emperor. The pavilion on the central peak is the Wanchun Pavilion (Ten Thousand Spring Pavilion). From here, visitors have the best view of the surrounding city including a full overview of the Forbidden City to the south. The two pavilions on the eastern peaks are the Pavilion of Admiring the Surroundings and the Pavilion of Gazing at Excellence. The Pavilion of Rich View and the Pavilion of Accumulated Fragrance are located on the peaks on the western side.

Originally, a copper Buddha statue stood in each of the five pavilions at the peaks. Each statue represented one of the five tastes: sour, bitter, sweet, umami and salty. The five buddha statues were known as the "Five Flavored Immortals". Unfortunately, four of the statues were looted and one was badly damaged when the Eight Nation Alliance occupied Beijing in 1900. The replacement statues that you will see in the pavilions now were made in 1999.

You will also find palatial halls on Jingshan Hill that were originally used for ancestor worship. During the Qing dynasty, the emperor visited Shouhuang Hall (Hall of Imperial Longevity) each season to pay respects to the portraits of his ancestors there. You won't find portraits of the former emperors at Shouhuang Hall anymore today since the hall was turned into Beijing Children's Palace in the 1950's. The other palace halls in Jingshan Park - the Guande Hall (Hall for Observing Morals) and the Yongsi Hall (Missing Hall) - were originally used during the Qing dynasty to let the dead bodies of deceased emperors and empresses lie in state there.

Qiwang Pavilion (front) and Wanchun Pavilion (behind on the peak) at the Jingshan Park in Beijing
Qiwang Pavilion (front) and Wanchun Pavilion (behind on the peak) at the Jingshan Park in Beijing

Getting there and nearby Hotels

How to get there?

Jingshan Park
No.44 Jingshanxi Street
Xicheng district
Beijing, China

Telephone Number +86 10 6403 8098

nearest airport Beijing Nanyuan Airport (NAY), Beijing Capital International Airport (PEK), Beijing Daxing International Airport - scheduled to open in 2019

nearest railway stations Beijing Railway Station, Beijing South Railway Station, Beijing West Railway Station

nearest subway station Shichahai Station
Subway Line 8
Take Exit C and then walk 900m southwards to the north gate of the park
OR take bus line 5, 60, 82, 107, 124 or Sightseeing Bus Line 3 from Shichahai Station to the park

public bus stop Xibanqiao Station
(near the West Gate of the park)
bus lines: 5, 58
Jingshan Houjie Station
(North Gate of the park)
bus lines: 5, 58
Jingshan Dongmen Station
(East Gate of the park)
bus lines: 58, 111, 124, Sightseeing Bus Line 3
Gugong Station
(South Gate of the park)
bus lines: 58, 101, 103, 109, 124, 128, Sightseeing Bus Line 1, Sightseeing Bus Line 2, Sightseeing Bus Line 3

nearby Hotels Hotels

The hotels underneath are listed by their increasing distance from the Jingshan Park:

1. King Parkview Hotel
No.55 Shatan Hou Street
0.2 miles away

2. Jingshan Garden Hotel
No.68C Sanyanjing Hutong
0.3 miles away

3. Scholar Tree Courtyard Hotel
No.1 Zhuiba Hutong, Huanghuamen Street, Di'anmen Nei Main Street
0.5 miles away

4. Inner Mongolia Hotel Forbidden City
No.71 Mei Shu Guan Hou Street
0.7 miles away

5. Renaissance Beijing Wangfujing Hotel
No.57 Wangfujing Street
0.7 miles away

6. Hongwei Yijia Chain Hotel Beijing Wangfujing
No.36 Dengshikou West Street
0.7 miles away

7. Prime Hotel
No.2 Wangfujing Main Street
0.8 miles away

8. Hanting Seasons Beijing Wangfujing
No.20 Wangfujing Road
0.8 miles away

9. Wangfujing Yindi Hotel
No.343 Dongsi North Main Street
0.8 miles away

10. Beijing Wangfujing Donghua Hotel
No.32 Dengshikou West Street
0.8 miles away

11. Hotel Palace
No.6 Pudusi West Alley, Nanchizi Main Street
0.8 miles away

12. Hotel Kapok Beijing
No.16 Donghuamen Street
0.8 miles away

13. Lusongyuan Hotel
No.22 Banchang Hutong
0.9 miles away